Hormonal changes that come with puberty are the cause of teen acne. As the body begins to mature, hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands in the skin to make more sebum. Excess sebum and dead skin cells block hair follicles. Bacteria move up in these clogged follicles and begin multiplying. The body’s immune cells move into the area to fight the bacteria and acne is caused-blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, pustules or cysts. The good news is that, for most people, acne goes away almost completely by the time they are out of their teens. But while your teenager suffers from acne, it can damage his or her self-esteem.
Doctors will advise you to give your child antibiotics or the birth control pill to get rid of acne.
Antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria. But there can be side effects. Rash, sore throat, respiratory difficulties, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, swelling of joints, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, retinal detachment, compromised kidney function, widespread pain, tendinitis, heat palpitations, muscle spasms andcompromised gut health are all side effects of antibiotics.
The birth control pill, isotretinoin reduces sebum production, unplugs the follicles, and targets acne-causing bacteria. But take a look at the side effects of the pill: intermenstrual spotting, nausea breast tenderness, headaches, weight gain, mood changes, missed periods, decreased libido, vaginal discharge and visual changes with contact lenses.
There is another way, a safe and natural way to clear out those follicles. Get your teenager to exercise till he/she perspires on the face. A cardio routine is best, running, jogging, walking briskly, swimming, cycling are all good. What happens here is that the blood circulation increases, the body gets hot so the pores open up. Sweat is produced by the pores to cool the body down. This sweat pushes out the junk in the clogged pores and unclogs them. It seems too simple but it works every time. A couple of weeks of this and the acne will be gone. See that your teenager drinks a lot of water, eats a healthy diet, keeps his/her face clean and doesn’t touch it often through the day. Also see that the skin care products used are not heavy with chemicals but light and nutritious. A face oil would be best as it is not viscous enough to further block the pores. Most good quality face oils comprise of fine molecules that easily permeate to the lowest skin layer and begin restoring the health of the skin from deep within.
IMPORTANT: Dandruff can cause acne. The proof would be if the acne inflammations are wherever the dandruff flakes fall-on the back, shoulders and forehead. In this case the treatment would be different.